Ontario
From Long Sault to Ottawa
From Île aux Allumettes to the Mattawa River
From Portage La Vase to Lake Nipissing
From the French River to Lake Ontario
Quebec

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Ontario

From Long Sault to Ottawa
From Île aux Allumettes to the Mattawa River
From Portage La Vase to Lake Nipissing
From the French River to Lake Ontario

Champlain was fascinated by discoveries, or as he called them, "descouvertures". In 1613, he continued further west. Remember, at this point he was still attempting to find a route to China and the Indies. He was looking for the "North Sea," but it was a lost cause! Nicolas de Vignau, who for a long time claimed to know the way, finally admitted to Champlain that he did not know how to get to the Orient. Champlain, upset by this deception, gave up the voyage.

But he persevered…

Two years later, Sir Champlain returned to explore what is now Ontario. He navigated the Ottawa River, discovered Lake Nipissing, continued southwards to Lake Huron and headed to the shores of Lake Ontario, which he crossed. He spent part of the winter with the Huron and returned to Quebec in the summer of 1616.

His travels by canoe from the Ottawa River to Huronia took approximately one month, and it was no holiday! He had to be in excellent condition for the approximately 50 portages necessary across this part of the country.

Map of the Explorations of Champlain During the 17th Century

Map of the Explorations of Champlain During the 17th Century
Le Grand Atlas des explorations/Detail





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