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CHAMPLAIN'S ITINERARY : Chronology


1603 - Champlain's First Voyage: Exploration of the St. Lawrence
1604 to 1607 - Acadia
1608 to 1609 - Third Voyage: to Quebec
1610 - Victory Over the Iroquois
1611 - Visit to Place Royale
1613 - Looking for the North Sea
1614 to 1615 - Champain's Seventh Voyage: the First Mass at Quebec City
1617 - Short Voyage
1618 - Ninth Voyage
1620 to 1624 - Champlain Brings his Wife, Hélène Boullé, to Canada
1626 to 1629 - The English Arrive at Quebec City
1632 to 1635 - A Great Explorer's Last Breaths

1603 - Champlain's First Voyage: Exploration of the St. Lawrence

March 15 to May 16

Crossed from Honfleur to Tadoussac.

May 27

Feast at Pointe-aux-Alouettes.

June 18 to July 11

Left Tadoussac along the St. Lawrence, and went to Quebec City, Trois-Rivières, Île d'Orléans and returned to Tadoussac.

July 12 to August 3

Left Tadoussac, travelled to Gaspé, and visited Malbaie, Île Percé, and Île d'Orléans.

August 16 to September 20

Returned to France, to Havre from Tadoussac.

1604 to 1607 - Acadia

April 1 to May 1

Crossed the Atlantic to Île de Sable.

May to June 1604

Left Port-au-Mouton and explored the baie Française (Bay of Fundy). Establishment at Port-Royal.

September 2 to October 2, 1604

Explored the Pentagouët River (Penobscot).

October 1604 to April 1605

Winter at Sainte-Croix: scurvy killed many of Champlain's men.

June 18 to August 2, 1605

Exploration voyage up to Malebarre.

August 1605

Transfer of the establishment at Port-Royal.

Winter 1605-1606

Winter at Port-Royal.

September and October 1606

Unsuccessful journey: disaster at Port Fortuné; the expedition was halted at Île Soupçonneuse (Martha's Vineyard).

Winter 1606-1607

Winter at Port-Royal.

1608 to 1609 - Third Voyage: to Quebec

April 13 to June 3

Departure from Honfleur to Tadoussac.

July 3

Founded the site at Quebec. Construction of the Habitation began in the summer.

November 1608 to April 1609

Winter at Quebec City: scurvy led to the deaths of 16 of the 25 members of his team.

End of May to the End of July 1609

First meeting with the Hurons: victory over the Iroquois.
Discovered Lake Champlain.

October 8, 1609

Arrival in France.

1610 - Victory Over the Iroquois

March 7 to May 19, 1610

Eventful crossing from Honfleur to Tadoussac. Champlain was ill.

May and June

Returned to Quebec and travelled to Trois-Rivières.

June 19

Raid on the Iroquois: Champlain was injured but still won the battle.

August 8 to September 27

Left Quebec for Honfleur because King Henry IV was assassinated.

1611 - Visit to Place Royale

March 1 to May 13, 1611

Difficult crossing to Tadoussac.

May and June

Voyage to Sault Saint-Louis.
Prepared for a future settlement: Place Royale.
Meeting with the Algonquians and Hurons.

August 11 to September 10

Crossing from Tadoussac to La Rochelle.

1613 - Looking for the North Sea

March 6 to the End of April

Crossing from Honfleur to Tadoussac.

May 2 to May 21

Voyage to Sault Saint-Louis to meet the Algonquians.

May 27 to August 8

Travelled the Ottawa River.
Stopped at Long-Sault where he lost his astrolabe.
Named the "Rideau Falls" in Ottawa. Went all the way to Île-aux-Allumettes hoping to find the sea that would lead him to the North.

August 8 to August 26

Crossing from Tadoussac to Saint-Malo.

1614 to 1615 - Champain's Seventh Voyage: the First Mass at Quebec City

April 24 to May 25

Crossing from Honfleur to Tadoussac.

June 25, 1614

Solemn mass at Quebec City to celebrate the beginning of the construction of houses.

July to August 1614

Voyage towards Huronia, in the Great Lakes region.

September 1615 to May 1616

Stopped at Mattawa, explored Lake Nipissing and the French River.
Champlain helped the Hurons and the Algonquians beat the Iroquois (from October 10 to 16, 1615).
Champlain was injured during this battle, so he spent the winter in Huronia and explored this territory.

August 3 to September 10, 1616

Returned to Honfleur from Tadoussac.

1617 - Short Voyage

March 11 to June 14, 1617

The crossing from Honfleur to Tadoussac was very long and difficult.

July 1617

Champlain decided to return to France. He was in Paris by July 22.

1618 - Ninth Voyage

May 24 to June 24, 1618

Crossing from Honfleur to Tadoussac.

July 5

Champlain had a meeting with Amerindians in Trois-Rivières to discuss the two Frenchmen who were killed in New France.

July 30 to August 28

This voyage was almost as short as his eighth voyage. He left Tadoussac to arrive in Honfleur.

1620 to 1624 - Champlain Brings his Wife, Hélène Boullé, to Canada

July

Champlain arrived at Tadoussac with his wife Hélène Boullé, called Hélène de Champlain.

Winter 1620 to 1621

Restoration and construction work at Quebec City.

September 12

Champlain published plans, organizing the administration and justice of the new city of Quebec.

1623 to 1624

Habitation at Quebec City built.
Champlain left Tadoussac to France at the end of August, 1624, with his wife who never returned to New France.

1626 to 1629 - The English Arrive at Quebec City

1626

Champlain left from Dieppe, accompanied by his brother-in-law Eustache Boullé to arrive at Tadoussac. He arrived at Quebec City July 5, 1626.

July 14 to 25

Champlain held a conference at Trois-Rivières to convince the Hurons to make peace with the Iroquois.

Winter 1627 to 1628

Once again it was a difficult winter. Many people died.
Champlain lost more members of his team.

July 9

Champlain learned the English had arrived at Tadoussac.

Winter 1628 to 1629

Champlain's worst winter.

July 20, 1629

The English took possession of the Quebec City habitation.

End of July

The French cleared out: Champlain was taken to Tadoussac.

1632 to 1635 - A Great Explorer's Last Breaths

1632

Champlain's last work was published.

May 22, 1633

Champlain and the French regained possession of the habitation at Quebec City.

Summer 1633

Champlain retained contact with a few Amerindian tribes. They understood that the French, unlike the English, wanted to be their allies.

1634

Construction began on the habitation at Trois-Rivières.

1634 - 1635

Many French families settled in New France at Quebec.

October 1635

Champlain was on his death bed.

November 17

Champlain signed his will.

December 25, 1635

An exhausted Champlain died peacefully at Quebec City.





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